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Propane cylinder sizes and specifications:
Butane cylinder sizes and specifications:
Propane applications and uses
Propane is used in a wide range of applications including:
- Oxy-propane cutting, brazing and pre-heating
- An alternative to acetylene for applications when high cutting speeds and efficiencies are not required
- Shrink-wrap applications
- Space heating
- Soldering and heat treatment
- Drying crops, heating greenhouses and livestock sheds, flame-weeding and pest control
- A dual-fuel option for cars - often referred to as Autogas and dispensed from bulk tanks usually situated at petrol stations
- Fuel for forklift trucks and other industrial vehicles
- As a petrochemical to form polymers
- To fuel gas-powered patio heaters and barbeques, as well as in caravans.
Benefits of using propane as a fuel gas
- On a profile-cutting machine, oxy-propane gives fast, clean cuts on thick plate.
- Easily combustible.
- Portable with clean burning characteristics and a high calorific value.
Features of propane
- Propane is heavier than air. Leakage will collect in low-lying areas such as drains or ducts.
- BOC propane is stenched to give a fish-like odour.
- Supplied as a liquid in cylinders or bulk tanks.
- Available for vapour or liquid withdrawal from cylinders.
- Has the lowest flammability range of any of the commonly available fuels.
- Non-toxic (can cause dizziness at high concentrations).
- Highly combustible, having explosive limits in air between 2.2% to 9.5% by volume.
- Propane has some solvent properties and therefore hoses should be of the correct material as shown and the correct colour, orange.
- Only use purpose-manufactured equipment with propane and always use correct lighting up procedures.
- You will require a separate regulator, flashback arrestors, hoses, nozzles and torches when using propane.
Please note the following safety information:
- propane always poses a fire and explosion hazard
- when cutting mild steel, acetylene will heat the material quicker than propane and enable a faster start to the cutting process: however the speed of cut using propane is very similar to acetylene
- propane is a safe gas when used correctly. The most frequent cause of accidents is from leakage through poor connections