Hydrogen for Decarbonisation

Hydrogen is a key enabler of the net zero transition and a proven solution to help reduce emissions across a range of hard to abate sectors, including heavy industry, transport and off-grid power

Hydrogen for Decarbonisation

BOC: the UK’s leading supplier of hydrogen

BOC, a Linde company, is uniquely positioned, with its expertise in gas supply and engineering, to help our customers use hydrogen to drive decarbonisation across a range of sectors and processes.

We have more than a century of experience safely producing hydrogen along with demonstrated expertise in the processes, engineering and services needed to support decarbonisation. BOC operates the UK’s largest independently owned hydrogen production facility in Teesside. With our seven hydrogen production facilities across the UK & Ireland, BOC is the UK’s leading supplier of hydrogen.

Our hydrogen solutions and supply modes have been tailored to meet a wide array of business needs. Utilising our pipeline infrastructure, extensive network of tube trailers for bulk hydrogen supply and comprehensive range of cylinder and manifold cylinder pallet (MCP) supply modes, we ensure the reliable supply of hydrogen to customers around the UK & Ireland.

What is hydrogen and how can it help reduce emissions?

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BOC is at the forefront of the hydrogen fuel development in the UK & Ireland, committed to supporting the pathway to achieving low carbon hydrogen targets.

Hydrogen is a proven low-carbon replacement for fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. Deployment of hydrogen as a low carbon alternative fuel is feasible and happening now. From UK government-funded industrial fuel switching trials to the decarbonisation of sectors that have historically relied on petrol and diesel such as heavy transport like buses and HGVs, as well as off-grid power sectors that use generators such as outdoor event and mobile CCTV and lighting systems.

Hydrogen mobility – and therefore hydrogen refuelling – is a crucial part of our energy future, and the adoption of hydrogen vehicles will be key to fully decarbonising transport. For the likes of heavy transport such as buses, HGVs, and trains - hydrogen is a proven solution, having been demonstrated as safe and reliable. BOC has used its significant experience in safe hydrogen production and deployment to support the transport sector in driving this change and is playing a key role in the progression of hydrogen solutions for developing areas of transport including aviation.

Kittybrewster Aberdeen - a benchmark for hydrogen refuelling expertise

Hydrogen refuelling is already taking place in the UK. Working alongside Aberdeen Council, BOC delivered a state-of-the-art hydrogen refuelling station capable of supplying the city’s entire fleet of hydrogen buses. At its launch in 2015, it was Europe’s largest hydrogen refuelling station and remains a leading example of how to build and operate hydrogen refuelling infrastructure that exceeds the requirements of transport operators.

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How does hydrogen refuelling work?

The Kittybrewster facility uses on-site electrolysis to produce hydrogen each day, which is just one of the supply modes offered by BOC. The process works by separating water into hydrogen and oxygen. When renewable electricity is used this generates green hydrogen. The hydrogen is then stored as a compressed gas until needed and then pumped into the vehicle in what is a fast and familiar process.

Broader adoption of hydrogen to decarbonise transport will require greater low-carbon hydrogen production to feed growing demand, something BOC is committed to driving. The global deployment of hydrogen refuelling stations, must go hand-in-hand with the growth of renewables to scale low-carbon hydrogen production.

Hydrogen refueling station

Global capability and expertise

BOC is a Linde company, Linde’s decades of expertise in hydrogen is helping to fuel ambitious projects around the world, many of them aimed at decarbonising transport.

Worldwide, Linde has built more than 200 hydrogen refuelling stations for buses, HGVs, service vehicles and cars. The company also operates the world's first high-purity hydrogen storage cavern, on top of pipeline networks totalling approximately 1,000 kilometres globally.

In Germany, Linde recently launched the world’s first hydrogen refuelling system for hydrogen powered passenger trains, with a total capacity of around 1,600 kg of hydrogen per day, it is one of the largest hydrogen refuelling systems ever built.  Linde will supply liquid hydrogen and related infrastructure to the world's first operational hydrogen-powered ferry, in Norway, which will transport both cars and passengers.

Hydrogen ferry: Norled Hydra

Innovation in decarbonising technologies for hard to abate industrial processes will be critical if the world is to reach net zero, and if individual companies are to reduce the costs of carbon emissions. There are both long term solutions with hydrogen, as well as short term, complementary, low-risk strategies by using oxygen for fuel efficiency.

Hydrogen, as a net zero solution, can be used effectively as a replacement for natural gas in a range of process industries. UK Government-funded fuel- switching trials have demonstrated that hydrogen fuel switching technology can be applied to an array of industrial practices that remain essential to businesses and consumers. The recent highly successful hydrogen fuel-switching demonstrations with glass-making, lime production and home and personal care product sectors demonstrate that hydrogen can replace natural gas in a safe and effective way in a range of hard to abate sectors.

Hydrogen Industrial Fuel Switching Demonstrations

We are continuing to support Phase 2 of the UK Governments fuel switching trials as part of its net zero strategy that will further demonstrate hydrogen’s potential to decarbonise an even broader range of industries.

BOC will supply hydrogen and gas pressure control technology to six successful projects for a range of industrial processes across the manufacture of recycled aluminium, clay products, cereals, and tissue paper across the UK.

Decarbonisation pathway to hydrogen

There are countless opportunities for industry to explore switching to low-carbon fuels and BOC is ready to help companies be early market leaders in these decarbonising applications, whilst helping our customers meet their net zero targets.

While fuel-switching to hydrogen is the long-term solution for many hard-to-abate processes there are other proven existing technologies that BOC uses to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions today. These strategies such as process optimisation using oxygen can help businesses take the first steps toward reducing carbon emissions today.

 Hydrogen trailer at Unilever fuel switching trial

Off-grid power supply is becoming increasingly important amid the energy transition to net zero alternatives.

From mobile lighting and security at construction sites and outdoor events, to powering the next box-office TV set production, emissions from diesel generators are a commonplace but often overlooked, source of emissions. BOC is experienced in deploying zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell solutions that can dramatically decarbonise stationary power needs.

Advantages of hydrogen powered fuel cells

Industries from construction to hospitality to film and TV production all too often continue to rely on diesel generators which are major sources of carbon emissions. Hydrogen fuel cells are an advanced technology, producing electricity from the reaction between hydrogen and oxygen from the air. They can provide power while producing no emissions at all besides water vapour.

Off-grid power

For large off-power grid needs, BOC is experienced in partnering with fuel cell operators, supplying MCP and bulk hydrogen to power larger hydrogen fuel cells.

For lower off-grid power requirements BOC’s HYMERA® hydrogen fuel cell generator is an emission free, virtually silent alternative to small petrol and diesel generators for use in industries needing mobile CCTV, lighting, environmental monitoring and process and control applications.

HYMERA is powered by BOC’s lightweight GENIE® cylinders making it a great off-grid zero emission source of power. It’s also ideal as a back-up power source for other solutions, such as renewable solar or wind power.

GENIE Hydrogen Cylinder

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